Wind turbines can cause direct mortalities to birds and bats, but indirect mortality may also occur as a result of habitat changes and fragmentation.

As the United States rightfully strives for greater energy independence and security, wildlife populations and other natural resources are being subjected to increased pressures.  The fast expansion of renewable energy options, including wind, solar, and biomass, has made it difficult for natural resource managers to stay ahead of the politics and economics that has driven industrial development of these resources.  Enviroscapes recognizes the need to work with industry, government, economists, and the public in addressing these concerns.  We have taken a “win-win” approach to our consulting services; if the options presented are not economically or politically viable, natural resources will not be able to compete with this rapidly expanding market.  Therefore, we strive to integrate both economically and environmentally sustainable use of natural resources into the decision-making process by using the best available science and education people to the value of our natural resources, which cannot always be measured in dollars and cents.  We work together to help communities find the most parsimonious solutions to our renewable energy issues whether it be wind, solar, biomass, or any other energy sector.

Best Management Guidelines (McGuire and Rupp 2013)

As an example, National Wildlife Federation recently contracted Enviroscapes Ecological Consuling to assist with the development of “Best Management Guidelines” for bioenergy production using perennial grasses native to the central U.S.  Our goal was to propose realistic guidelines to protect wildlife resources that can be used by industry and producers as the market moves closer to large-scale production of cellulosic biomass for heat and ethanol production.  We worked with agronomists, biologists, and managers to develop these guidelines, and the guidelines went through an additional external review that included industry stakeholders.  During the entire process we developed a network of collaborators that included academics, industry, extension specialists, natural resource managers, producers, and others.  Open communications and collaboration are key to developing successful and useful products and this is an area where Enviroscapes truly thrives!  How can our experiences help you and your clients on similar projects?  Give us a call!


Enviroscapes Ecological Consulting is certified as a woman-owned small business (WOSB) and economically disadvantaged woman-owned small business (EDWOSB).  Founded in 2006 by Dr. Susan Rupp (Certified Wildlife Biologist), Enviroscapes provides scientific-based research, information, and assessments to assist scientists, managers, policy makers, and other stakeholders in making ecologically sound decisions under the current state of political, social, and economic affairs while also providing the greatest likelihood for long-term sustainability of wildlife and other natural resources.  Our core values include honesty, integrity, competency, timeliness, open communication, and stewardship – all of which help us to deliver the highest quality environmental services and products possible.